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Retrieval problems in successive short-term retention trials

Authors
Journal
Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior
0022-5371
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
13
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-5371(74)80020-4

Abstract

Subjects in each of four experiments were tested for short-term retention of different triads of month names on four successive trials. The major results were: ( a) though apparently encoded on each trial, words become decreasingly recallable across trials; ( b) this decrement in recall is much smaller with 20-sec than with 4-sec periods for recall, and a shift from 4-sec to 20-sec recall periods produces an abrupt improvement in recall performance; ( c) response latency for correctly recalled words increases across trials. These results were interpreted as support for the hypothesis that proactive interference in this task is primarily due to retrieval, as opposed to encoding or storage, processes.

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