Abstract In vitro inactivation of tyrosine aminotransferase at pH 7.0 did not occur in liver homogenates prepared from vitamin B-6-deficient rats, although it was previously demonstrated that the enzyme was inactivated in liver homogenates from vitamin B-6-adequate rats (R. D. Reynolds and S. D. Thompson, 1974, Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 164, 43–51) . Addition of 2 m m pyridoxine or pyridoxal- P to the incubated homogenate did not restore the inactivation, but injection of 1 mg of pyridoxine to deficient rats restored full inactivating activity by 12 h. All forms of vitamin B-6 injected restored inactivating activity in vitro. This effect appears to be specific for vitamin B-6, since no restoration of in vitro inactivation of tyrosine aminotransferase was observed following injection of riboflavin, thiamin, niacin, or folic acid. The restoration of inactivating activity in vitro following injection of pyridoxine was not inhibited by repeated injections of puromycin or cycloheximide. Apparently, in vivo protein synthesis is not required for the restoration of the in vitro inactivating activity. However, in vivo inactivation was similar in the vitamin B-6-adequate and -deficient rats. Inactivating activity is present in homogenates of liver and kidney, but not of abdominal muscle, small intestine, heart, testes, whole blood, or erythrocyte ghosts, and is found only in the plasma membrane fraction of liver. Similar to liver, the activity in the kidney homogenate requires the presence of l-cysteine and depends upon the vitamin B-6 status of the animal. Rapid inactivation in the liver occurs between pH 6.75 and 7.75 (final pH), with minimal inactivation above or below this range. No inhibition of inactivation was observed with homogenates incubated in the presence of several protease inhibitors.