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Effects o immediate vs. delayed outcomes in associative learning

Authors
Journal
Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior
0022-5371
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
6
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-5371(67)80119-1

Abstract

College student Ss were given two trials on each of 3 lists of stimulus words with either 2 or 4 digits as response alternatives. On immediate outcome items, E said “Right” or “Wrong” immediately after S's response. On delayed outcome items, E informed S that his response had been “Right” or “Wrong” the next time the item was presented. On no-information items E gave no information on either trial. Delayed “Wrong” led to significantly less response repetition than all other conditions. Differences among other conditions were generally not significant.

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