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New method for GC/FID and GC–C-IRMS analysis of plasma free fatty acid concentration and isotopic enrichment

Authors
Journal
Journal of Chromatography B
1570-0232
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
873
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.08.009
Keywords
  • Dimethylamide
  • Plasma Free Fatty Acids
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Validation
  • Gc–Combustion Isotope Ratio
  • Enrichment

Abstract

Abstract A simple, direct and accurate method for the determination of concentration and enrichment of free fatty acids (FFAs) in human plasma was developed. The validation and comparison to a conventional method are reported. Three amide derivatives, dimethyl, diethyl and pyrrolidide, were investigated in order to achieve optimal resolution of the individual fatty acids. This method involves the use of dimethylamine/Deoxo-Fluor to derivatize plasma free fatty acids to their dimethylamides. This derivatization method is very mild and efficient, and is selective only towards FFAs so that no separation from a total lipid extract is required. The direct method gave lower concentrations for palmitic acid and stearic acid and increased concentrations for oleic acid and linoleic acid in plasma as compared to methyl ester derivative after thin-layer chromatography. The [ 13C]palmitate isotope enrichment measured using direct method was significantly higher than that observed with the BF 3/MeOH-TLC method. The present method provided accurate and precise measures of concentration as well as enrichment when analyzed with gas chromatography combustion-isotope ratio-mass spectrometry.

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