Abstract A non-porous poly-DL-lactide tubular chamber filled by demineralised bone matrix (DBM) and bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) in combination, was evaluated as a scaffold for guided bone regeneration (GBR) in an experimental model using the rabbit radius. The tubular chamber had an internal diameter of 4.7 mm, a wall thickness of 0.4 mm and a length of 18 mm. Autologous BMSC were obtained, under general anaesthesia from rabbit iliac crest and isolated by centrifugation technique. Allogenic DBM was obtained from cortico-cancellous bone of rabbits. In general anaesthesia, a 10-mm defect was bilaterally created in the radii of 10 rabbits. On the right side (experimental side) the defect was bridged with the chamber filled with both BMSC and DBM. On the left side (control side) the defect was treated by positioning DBM and BMSC between the two stumps. At an experimental time of 4 months histology and histomorphometry demonstrated that the presence of a tubular chamber significantly improved bone regrowth in the defect The mean thickness of newly-formed bone inside the chamber was about 56.7 ± 3.74% of the normal radial cortex, in comparison with 46.7 ± 10.7% when DBM and BMSC without the chamber were placed in the defect, P < 0.05). These results confirmed the effectiveness of the chamber as a container for factors promoting bone regeneration.