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The reconstructive process in sentence memory

Authors
Journal
Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior
0022-5371
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
12
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-5371(73)80060-x
Disciplines
  • Communication
  • Linguistics

Abstract

This report examines the role of reconstructive processes in the recall of simple sentences. As both recall and normal speech production are constructive activities, any characteristic patterns identified in speech production should influence the constructions produced in recall. Two characteristic patterns were specified: a preference for active over passive sentences, and a tendency to begin a sentence with the most salient noun contained in the semantic situation being communicated. Evidence was obtained for the operation of both biases. Recent sentence-memory hypotheses concentrate on the form in which information is stored, and none of these is consistent with the obtained results. In order to evaluate alternative storage hypotheses, the memorial processes that operate on the memory structure must be specified.

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