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Burnout and resilience in intensive care Nursing professionals in the face of COVID-19: A multicenter study

Authors
  • Vieira, Lizandra Santos1, 2
  • Machado, Wagner de Lara3
  • Dal Pai, Daiane4
  • Magnago, Tânia Solange Bosi de Souza5
  • Azzolin, Karina de Oliveira4
  • Tavares, Juliana Petri4
  • 1 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.
  • 2 Bolsista da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), Brasil.
  • 3 Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Faculdade de Psicologia, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.
  • 4 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Departamento de Enfermagem Médico-Cirúrgica, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil.
  • 5 Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Departamento de Enfermagem, Santa Maria, RS, Brasil.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem
Publisher
Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Publication Date
May 30, 2022
Volume
30
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1590/1518-8345.5778.3589
PMID: 35649092
PMCID: PMC9150431
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Artigo Original
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective: to analyze the relationship between the Burnout dimensions and the work resilience of intensive care Nursing professionals in the COVID-19 pandemic in four hospitals from southern Brazil. Method: this is a multicenter and cross-sectional study, composed of 153 nurses and nursing technicians of the Intensive Care Units. Sociodemographic, health and work-related questions were collected, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Resilience at Work Scale 20 instruments were applied. The data were submitted to descriptive analysis and to bivariate and partial correlations (network analysis). Results: work resilience presented an inverse correlation to emotional exhaustion (r=-0.545; p=0.01) and depersonalization (r=-0.419; p=0.01) and a direct one to professional achievement (r=0.680; p=0.01). The variable with the greatest influence on the correlation network was the perception of the impact of the pandemic on mental health. Conclusion: resilience interferes in the emotional exhaustion and low professional achievement domains of Burnout. Emotional exhaustion is conducted through minor psychological disorders, with an impact on the workers’ physical and mental health variables. The development of institutional resilience should be encouraged in order to moderate the illness.

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