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Burden of vaccine-preventable diseases, trends in vaccine coverage and current challenges in the implementation of the expanded program on immunization: A situation analysis of Cameroon.

Authors
  • Ngwa, Che Henry1, 2
  • Doungtsop, Brigitte-Carole Keumatio3
  • Bihnwi, Rengerline4
  • Ngo, Ngo Valery1
  • Yang, Niendum Mediatrice1
  • 1 School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 2 Centre for Languages and Literature, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 3 Department of Molecular Cell Biology and Immunology, Amsterdam University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands. , (Netherlands)
  • 4 Global Health System Solution, Bertoua, Cameroon. , (Cameroon)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Dec 31, 2022
Volume
18
Issue
1
Pages
1939620–1939620
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/21645515.2021.1939620
PMID: 34197271
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The discovery and development of vaccines remain one of the major successes of global health with millions of lives saved every year through routine vaccination. Although vaccines provide a safe and cost-effective solution to vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs), VPDs are still a serious public health problem in most parts of the world, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and Asia. In this review, we discuss the burden of VPDs and vaccine coverage several decades after the introduction of the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) in Cameroon. We also discuss how different factors affect the implementation of the EPI, highlighting context-specific factors such as the ongoing civil conflict in Cameroon, and the presence of other infectious diseases like COVID-19.

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