In the wake of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), and given the country's high rate of population growth, Mozambique developed a national population policy to facilitate the implementation of the ICPD program of action at the national level, and to contribute to a smoother economic growth and better human development in the country. A fresh approach was used to create this population policy, although introducing a reproductive health perspective was a major challenge. The policy is already yielding some positive results, such as an increase in the level of school enrollment. Moreover, since 1994, the government has continually and gradually increased the percentage of financial resources allocated to social sectors; the percentage of expenditures upon health and education sectors increased from 14% in 1994 to 28% in 1999. The implementation of many of the country's related programs and efforts is the fruit of the partnership developed by various governmental institutions, civil society, the international community, and donors. UNFPA was a key donor for population-related programs in Mozambique.