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Bright electroluminescence from single graphene nanoribbon junctions.

Authors
  • Chong, Michael C
  • Afsharimani, Nasima
  • Scheurer, Fabrice
  • Cardoso, Claudia
  • Ferretti, Andrea
  • Prezzi, Deborah
  • Schull, Guillaume
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nano Letters
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Dec 07, 2017
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b03797
PMID: 29215893
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Thanks to their highly tunable band gaps, graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) with atomically precise edges are emerging as mechanically and chemically robust candidates for nanoscale light emitting devices of modulable emission color. While their optical properties have been addressed theoretically in depth, only few experimental studies exist, limited to ensemble measurements and without any attempt to integrate them in an electronic-like circuit. Here we report on the electroluminescence of individual GNRs suspended between the tip of a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and a Au(111) substrate, constituting thus a realistic opto-electronic circuit. Emission spectra of such GNR junctions reveal a bright and narrow band emission of red light, whose energy can be tuned with the bias voltage applied to the junction, but always lying below the gap of infinite GNRs. Comparison with {\it ab initio} calculations indicate that the emission involves an electronic state localized at the GNR termini. Our results shed light on unpredicted optical transitions in GNRs and provide a promising route for the realization of bright, robust and controllable graphene-based light emitting devices.

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