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Brief resolved unexplained events vs. child maltreatment: a review of clinical overlap and evaluation

Authors
  • Chaiyachati, Barbara H.1, 2, 3
  • Wood, Joanne N.1, 2, 3, 3, 2
  • 1 Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd., Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA , Philadelphia (United States)
  • 2 Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA , Philadelphia (United States)
  • 3 University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA , Philadelphia (United States)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pediatric Radiology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
May 17, 2021
Volume
51
Issue
6
Pages
866–871
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00247-020-04793-z
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

Within their first year, a number of infants present for medical evaluation because of unexplained changes in color, tone, breathing, or level of responsiveness. This broad collection of symptoms has an accordingly large differential diagnosis that includes both brief resolved unexplained event (BRUE) and child maltreatment. The overlap between clinical presentation for BRUE and maltreatment can present a diagnostic challenge — especially given the significant consequences for infants and families for diagnostic error at that juncture. In this review, we provide overviews of the presenting features and findings in cases of BRUE and child maltreatment with a focus on areas of overlap and differentiation.

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