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Brief report: How short is too short? An ultra-brief measure of the big-five personality domains implicates "agreeableness" as a risk for all-cause mortality.

Authors
  • Chapman, Benjamin P1
  • Elliot, Ari J1
  • 1 University of Rochester Medical Center, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of health psychology
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2019
Volume
24
Issue
11
Pages
1568–1573
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1359105317720819
PMID: 28810502
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Controversy exists over the use of brief Big Five scales in health studies. We investigated links between an ultra-brief measure, the Big Five Inventory-10, and mortality in the General Social Survey. The Agreeableness scale was associated with elevated mortality risk (hazard ratio = 1.26, p = .017). This effect was attributable to the reversed-scored item "Tends to find fault with others," so that greater fault-finding predicted lower mortality risk. The Conscientiousness scale approached meta-analytic estimates, which were not precise enough for significance. Those seeking Big Five measurement in health studies should be aware that the Big Five Inventory-10 may yield unusual results.

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