Abstract : This study intends to analyze the existence of whiteness as a thematic study in Brazil, seeking to identify its occurrence as a theme or concern from authors that would make it possible to cover this field in different historical periods. It is a literature research review of authors who produced works on the country's national formation and inter-ethnic relations, in three different historical periods. For the first period (nineteenth century), I selected Karl Friedrick von Martius (1794 ? 1868), Joseph Arthur de Gobineau (1862 ? 1882), Silvo Romero (1851 ? 1914) and Raimundo Nina Rodrigues (1862 ? 1906). For the second period (twentieth century), I focused on books by Gilberto Freyre (Casa-Grande & Senzala,1933), Florestan Fernandes (O negro no mundo dos brancos, 1971), and Alberto Guerreiro Ramos (Introdução Crítica à Sociologia Brasileira, 1956). For the third period, these authors were related to contemporary scholars in order to show (Maria Aparecida Silva Bento, Lourenço Cardoso and Lia Vainer Schucman), specifically on the third chapter, present-day questions about the possibility of researching whiteness in Brazil. I conclude that it is pertinent to think about whiteness in Brazil as it is persistent since the country's early socio-historic formation, assuming different aspects and expressions over the years, and that it remains central in a society marked by socio-racial inequalities and by a miscegenation ideal that continues to privilege whiteness as a higher value.