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Branch migration displacement assay with automated heuristic analysis for discrete DNA length measurement using DNA microarrays.

Authors
  • Nader Pourmand
  • S, Caramuta
  • A, Villablanca
  • S, Mori
  • M, Karhanek
  • Sx, Wang
  • Rw, Davis
Type
Published Article
Journal
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Publisher
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume
104
Issue
15
Pages
6146–6146
Source
UCSC Bioengineering biomedical-ucsc
License
Unknown

Abstract

The analysis of short tandem repeats (STRs) plays an important role in forensic science, human identification, genetic mapping, and disease diagnostics. Traditional STR analysis utilizes gel- or column-based approaches to analyze DNA repeats. Individual STR alleles are separated and distinguished according to fragment length; thus the assay is generally hampered by its low multiplex capacity. However, use of DNA microarray would employ a simple hybridization and detection for field forensics and biology. Here we demonstrate a rapid, highly sensitive method for STR analysis that utilizes DNA microarray technology. We describe two adaptations to accomplish this: the use of competitive hybridization to remove unpaired ssDNA from an array and the use of neural network classification to automate the analysis. The competitive displacement technique mimics the branch migration process that occurs during DNA recombination. Our technique will facilitate the rapid deduction of identity, length, and number of repeats for the multiple STRs in an unknown DNA sample.

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