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Brain myosin-V, a calmodulin-carrying myosin, binds to calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II and activates its kinase activity.

Authors
  • Costa, M C
  • Mani, F
  • Santoro, W Jr
  • Espreafico, E M
  • Larson, R E
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of biological chemistry
Publication Date
May 28, 1999
Volume
274
Issue
22
Pages
15811–15819
Identifiers
PMID: 10336484
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Myosin-V, an unconventional myosin, has two notable structural features: (i) a regulatory neck domain having six IQ motifs that bind calmodulin and light chains, and (ii) a structurally distinct tail domain likely responsible for its specific intracellular interactions. Myosin-V copurifies with synaptic vesicles via its tail domain, which also is a substrate for calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II. We demonstrate here that myosin-V coimmunoprecipitates with CaM-kinase II from a Triton X-100-solubilized fraction of isolated nerve terminals. The purified proteins also coimmunoprecipitate from dilute solutions and bind in overlay experiments on Western blots. The binding region on myosin-V was mapped to its proximal and medial tail domains. Autophosphorylated CaM-kinase II binds to the tail domain of myosin-V with an apparent Kd of 7.7 nM. Surprisingly, myosin-V activates CaM-kinase II activity in a Ca2+-dependent manner, without the need for additional CaM. The apparent activation constants for the autophosphorylation of CaM-kinase II were 10 and 26 nM, respectively, for myosin-V versus CaM. The maximum incorporation of 32P into CaM-kinase II activated by myosin-V was twice that for CaM, suggesting that myosin-V binding to CaM-kinase II entails alterations in kinetic and/or phosphorylation site parameters. These data suggest that myosin-V, a calmodulin-carrying myosin, binds to and delivers CaM to CaM-kinase II, a calmodulin-dependent enzyme.

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