To describe the clinical outcome of a first patient undergoing Bowman layer (BL) transplantation with an onlay graft to reduce fluctuation in visual acuity and refractive error after previous radial keratotomy (RK) surgery. In 2018, a 66-year-old woman presented with complaints of long-standing diurnal fluctuation in best-spectacle corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) after RK in 1983. After the removal of host epithelium, a BL graft was positioned onto the host cornea. BSCVA, Scheimpflug-based corneal tomography, and anterior segment optical coherence tomography were evaluated up to 12 months postoperatively. The surgery and postoperative course were uneventful. After surgery, the subjective complaints of visual fluctuation were reduced from 10 to 3 on a scale from 1 to 10. BSCVA (20/40; 0.5) did not change from preoperative to postoperative. Corneal tomography showed an overall central corneal steepening of 5.9 diopters. Biomicroscopy, Scheimpflug imaging, and anterior segment optical coherence tomography showed a completely epithelialized and well-integrated graft, with some minor epithelial remnants located in the preexisting keratotomy incisions. BL onlay grafting may have the potential to manage patients with subjective complaints of diurnal fluctuation in visual acuity after previous RK.