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Bone scan findings of Pagets disease of bone in patients with VCP Multisystem Proteinopathy 1.

  • Columbres, Rod
  • Din, Sarosh
  • Gibbs, Liliane
  • Kimonis, Virginia
Publication Date
Mar 11, 2024
eScholarship - University of California
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Multisystem Proteinopathy 1 (MSP1) disease is a rare genetic disorder caused by mutations in the Valosin-Containing Protein (VCP) gene with clinical features of inclusion body myopathy (IBM), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), and Pagets disease of bone (PDB). We performed bone scan imaging in twelve patients (6 females, 6 males) with confirmed VCP gene mutation six (50%) of which has myopathy alone, four (33%) with both PDB and myopathy, and two (15%) were presymptomatic carriers. We aim to characterize the PDB in diagnosed individuals, and potentially identify PDB in the myopathy and presymptomatic groups. Interestingly, two patients with previously undiagnosed PDB had positive diagnostic findings on the bone scan and subsequent radiograph imaging. Among the individuals with PDB, increased radiotracer uptake of the affected bones were of typical distribution as seen in conventional PDB and those reported in other MSP1 cohorts which are the thoracic spine and ribs (75%), pelvis (75%), shoulder (75%) and calvarium (15%). Overall, we show that technetium-99m bone scans done at regular intervals are a sensitive screening tool in patients with MSP1 associated VCP variants at risk for PDB. However, diagnostic confirmation should be coupled with clinical history, biochemical analysis, and skeletal radiographs to facilitate early treatment and prevention complications, acknowledging its limited specificity.

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