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Body Mass Index Trajectories and Duration of Obesity in Thai Children Diagnosed with Hypertension

Authors
  • Paksi, Witchuri1
  • Sirijunpen, Suthatip1
  • Nuntnarumit, Pracha1
  • Pirojsakul, Kwanchai1
  • 1 Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Type
Published Article
Journal
Global Pediatric Health
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Apr 29, 2021
Volume
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/2333794X211012998
PMID: 33997127
PMCID: PMC8111269
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Childhood Obesity and Nutrition
  • Original Research Article
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study explored the relationship between BMI trajectories and the duration of obesity in Thai children diagnosed with hypertension. Demographic and blood pressure data from 536 children (270 boys, 50.3%) from a school in Bangkok, Thailand were collected. Hypertension was defined as blood pressure above the cutoff values specified in the 2017 American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines on 3 occasions. Records of BMI over the previous 3 years were reviewed. The prevalence of hypertension was 2.61% (14/536). Complete data on BMI trajectories were available in 421 non-hypertensive and 12 hypertensive children. The increase in BMI z-score over the previous 3 years was significantly greater in the hypertensive group than the non-hypertensive group, 1.45 (95% CI 0.42 to 1.88) versus 0.09 (95% CI: −0.35, 0.65), P = .008. In conclusion, children with a confirmed diagnosis of hypertension had a greater increase in BMI over the past 3 years than non-hypertensive children.

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