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Body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys.

Authors
  • Baker, Jessica H1
  • Higgins Neyland, M K2
  • Thornton, Laura M1
  • Runfola, Cristin D3
  • Larsson, Henrik4
  • Lichtenstein, Paul4
  • Bulik, Cynthia4
  • 1 Department of Psychiatry.
  • 2 Department of Psychology.
  • 3 Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University.
  • 4 Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Developmental psychology
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2019
Volume
55
Issue
7
Pages
1566–1578
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1037/dev0000724
PMID: 30985163
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Body dissatisfaction is a significant mental health symptom present in adolescent girls and boys. However, it is often either disregarded in adolescent boys or examined using assessments that may not resonate with males. The present study addresses these issues, examining the manifestation, etiology, and correlates of 3 facets of body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys. Adolescent male twins aged 16- to 17-years-old from the Swedish Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development were included along with a female comparison group: 915 monozygotic and 671 dizygotic same-sex twins. Body dissatisfaction was defined using measures of height dissatisfaction, muscle dissatisfaction, and the body dissatisfaction subscale of the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-BD). We examined the prevalence of body dissatisfaction, whether the facets of body dissatisfaction were phenotypically and etiologically distinct, and associations with specific externalizing and internalizing symptoms. For boys, muscle dissatisfaction scores were greater than height dissatisfaction scores. Results also indicated that height and muscle dissatisfaction were phenotypically and etiologically distinct from the EDI-BD. Unique associations were observed with externalizing and internalizing symptoms: muscle dissatisfaction with symptoms of bulimia nervosa and the EDI-BD with internalizing symptoms, body mass index, and drive for thinness. The facets of body dissatisfaction were also largely distinct in girls and unique between-sex associations with externalizing and internalizing symptoms emerged. Overall, male-oriented aspects of body dissatisfaction are distinct from female-oriented aspects of body dissatisfaction. To capture the full picture of male body dissatisfaction, multiple facets must be addressed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).

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