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Blood donors’ knowledge and attitude towards blood donation at North Gondar district blood bank, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Authors
  • Enawgaw, Bamlaku1
  • Yalew, Aregawi1
  • Shiferaw, Elias1
  • 1 University of Gondar, Department of Hematology& Immunohematology, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gondar, Ethiopia , Gondar (Ethiopia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
BMC Research Notes
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Nov 06, 2019
Volume
12
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s13104-019-4776-0
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

ObjectiveBlood transfusion saves millions of lives. But, the need and the actual number of donations are not balanced in Ethiopia. The actual reason is not clearly assessed; however, level of knowledge and attitude may be the main contributing factors. Thus, the current study aimed to assess blood donors’ knowledge and attitude towards blood donation at North Gondar district blood bank.ResultsOf 401 blood donors, 142 (35.4%) and 379 (94.5%) were had adequate knowledge and positive attitude towards blood donation, respectively. About 343 (85.5%) of study participants had no previous experience of blood donation. Perceptions of fear of pain, medically unfitness to donate and lack of information on when, where and how to donate blood were mentioned as a reason for not donating blood. Educational status and residence were significantly associated with knowledge of blood donors. On the other hand, participants with secondary and higher education were more likely to have good attitude towards blood donation. Thus, blood banks should design strategies for health education about blood donation and transfusion.

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