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A blind CO detection of a Distant Red Galaxy in the HS1700+64 proto-cluster

  • Chapman, S. C.
  • Bertoldi, F.
  • Smail, Ian
  • Blain, A. W.
  • Geach, J. E.
  • Gurwell, M.
  • Ivison, R. J.
  • Petitpas, G. R.
  • Reddy, N.
  • Steidel, C. C.
Publication Date
Mar 08, 2015
Submission Date
Jan 12, 2015
DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slv010
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We report the blind detection of 12CO emission from a Distant Red Galaxy, HS1700.DRG55. We have used the IRAM PdBI-WIDEX, with its 3.6GHz of instantaneous dual-polarization bandwidth, to target 12CO(3--2) from galaxies lying in the proto-cluster at z=2.300 in the field HS1700+64. If indeed this line in DRG55 is 12CO(3--2), it's detection at 104.9GHz indicates a z_CO=2.296. None of the other eight known z~2.30 proto-cluster galaxies lying within the primary beam (PB) are detected in 12CO, although the limits are ~2x worse towards the edge of the PB where several lie. The optical/near-IR magnitudes of DRG55 (R_AB>27, K_AB=22.3) mean that optical spectroscopic redshifts are difficult with 10m-class telescopes, but near-IR redshifts would be feasible. The 24um-implied SFR (210 M_odot yr-1), stellar mass (~10^11 M-odot) and 12CO line luminosity (3.6x10^10 K km s-1 pc^2) are comparable to other normal 12CO-detected star forming galaxies in the literature, although the galaxy is some ~2 mag (~6x) fainter in the rest-frame UV than 12CO-detected galaxies at z>2. The detection of DRG55 in 12CO complements three other 12CO detected UV-bright galaxies in this proto-cluster from previous studies, and suggests that many optically faint galaxies in the proto-cluster may host substantial molecular gas reservoirs, and a full blind census of 12CO in this overdense environment is warranted.

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