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A bivalent CMV vaccine formulated with human compatible TLR9 agonist CpG1018 elicits potent cellular and humoral immunity in HLA expressing mice.

Authors
  • Dasari, Vijayendra1
  • Beckett, Kirrilee1
  • Horsefield, Shane1
  • Ambalathingal, George1
  • Khanna, Rajiv1
  • 1 QIMR Berghofer Centre for Immunotherapy and Vaccine Development and Tumour Immunology Laboratory, Department of Immunology, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
PLoS Pathogens
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2022
Volume
18
Issue
6
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1010403
PMID: 35737741
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

There is now convincing evidence that the successful development of an effective CMV vaccine will require improved formulation and adjuvant selection that is capable of inducing both humoral and cellular immune responses. Here, we have designed a novel bivalent subunit vaccine formulation based on CMV-encoded oligomeric glycoprotein B (gB) and polyepitope protein in combination with human compatible TLR9 agonist CpG1018. The polyepitope protein includes multiple minimal HLA class I-restricted CD8+ T cell epitopes from different antigens of CMV. This subunit vaccine generated durable anti-viral antibodies, CMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses in multiple HLA expressing mice. Antibody responses included broad TH1 isotypes (IgG2a, IgG2b and IgG3) and potently neutralized CMV infection in fibroblasts and epithelial cells. Furthermore, polyfunctional antigen-specific T cell immunity and antiviral antibody responses showed long-term memory maintenance. These observations argue that this novel vaccine strategy, if applied to humans, could facilitate the generation of robust humoral and cellular immune responses which may be more effective in preventing CMV-associated complications in various clinical settings.

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