The objectives of this study were to evaluate: (1) the nuclear maturation, (2) the intracellular glutathione (GSH) content, (3) the normality of fertilization and (4) full development after transplantation of embryos derived from porcine oocytes pre-cultured with 50 micromol/l roscovitine (an inhibitor of p34cdc2/cyclin B kinase) for 22 h. After treatment with roscovitine, the nuclear configuration of oocytes (Hoechst staining) was comparable with those examined just after collection: the majority of oocytes were arrested at the germinal vesicle (GV) 1 stage (63.2%). Roscovitine-treated oocytes progressed through meiosis to the metaphase II stage in a conventional step-wise in vitro maturation (IVM) program for 44 h in a proportion similar to control ones (>85.0%). When roscovitine-treated oocytes and non-treated oocytes were matured for 44 h and then co-cultured with fresh spermatozoa for 18 h, no differences were observed in oocyte penetrability, proportion of monospermic penetration and male pronuclear formation (>87%). Roscovitine increased the GSH synthesis in oocytes at 22 h, whereas, after 44 h, roscovitine-treated oocytes had similar amounts of GSH to non-treated oocytes. Finally, surgical transfer of zygotes at 22-24 h post-insemination, derived from roscovitine-treated oocytes, resulted in one pregnancy with 12 piglets born; control non-treated zygotes resulted in one pregnancy and 10 piglets born. The full-term developmental ability of mammalian oocytes pre-cultured with roscovitine prior to IVM is thereby demonstrated. This validation is important before the introduction of roscovitine into routine procedures.