The cytosolic fractions from rat liver, brain, kidney, spleen and testis demonstrate the capacity to synthesize two products from [3H]isopentenyl diphosphate, i.e., farnesyl diphosphate and geranylgeranyl diphosphate. The highest rate of geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthesis was found in brain, testis and spleen, accounting for up to 30% of the total incorporation of radioactivity under optimal conditions. In all tissues examined the geranylgeranyl diphosphate formed was identified as the trans,trans,trans-isomer. The ratio of geranylgeranyl diphosphate to farnesyl diphosphate produced was specific for the tissue investigated and could be altered by the addition of divalent cations. The results in this study demonstrate the presence of a specific trans,trans,trans-geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthetase showing high affinity for farnesyl diphosphate.