A single specific radiolabeled polypeptide with an apparent Mr = 63,000 was recovered when cystathionine beta-synthase (EC 188.8.131.52) was precipitated from extracts of radiolabeled cultured human fibroblasts with an antiserum raised against pure human liver synthase, and the immunocomplexes were analyzed by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Partial proteolysis of this fibroblast subunit and of the subunit of pure human liver synthase (Mr = 48,000) produced similar peptide patterns. Pulse-chase experiments, however, did not provide any evidence for post-translational modification of the fibroblast synthase subunit into a smaller "hepatic" form. Immunoprecipitation of polypeptides synthesized in vitro from human fibroblast mRNA revealed a polypeptide with the same mobility on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis as the synthase subunit found in whole cell extracts. We conclude that the Mr = 63,000 subunit is the primary translational product of the gene for cystathionine beta-synthase in human fibroblasts.