Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Biomonitoring of chlorophenols in human urine from several Asian countries, Greece and the United States.

Authors
  • Honda, Masato1
  • Kannan, Kurunthachalam2
  • 1 Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12201-0509, USA.
  • 2 Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Empire State Plaza, Albany, NY 12201-0509, USA; Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, State University of New York at Albany, NY 12201-0509, USA. Electronic address: [email protected]
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987)
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2018
Volume
232
Pages
487–493
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.09.073
PMID: 28966025
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Chlorophenols (CPs) are used in the production of pesticides and preservatives. Although human exposure to CPs has been known for years, current exposure levels to these chemicals in Asian countries are not known. In this study, we analyzed concentrations of eight CPs in 300 human urine samples collected from nine countries. Of these CPs, 2,5-dichlorophenol and 2,4-dichlorophenol were found at the highest median concentrations (median for all nine countries: 1.78 and 0.34 ng/mL, respectively). Pentachlorophenol was found in 59% of the samples analyzed at a median concentration of 0.07 ng/mL. Urine samples from Japan had the highest concentration of total CPs (median: 16.7 ng/mL) with 2,5-dichlorophenol accounting for 93.1% of the total concentration. The estimated daily intake (DI) for precursors of dichlorophenols varied widely, but several samples showed values higher than the acceptable DI recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). These results suggest that CP exposure, especially to dichlorophenols, is prevalent in several countries, particularly in Asia, suggesting a pressing need for further assessment of the global sources and potential health effects of these chemicals.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times