New biocatalysts for bioremediation techniques are necessary nowadays. Therefore, a bacterial consortium isolated from Brazilian Savannah was employed for biodegradation of 100 mg L-1 esfenvalerate in liquid culture medium. The bacterial consortium (Lysinibacillus xylanilyticus CBMAI2085, Bacillus cereus CBMAI2067, Lysinibacillus sp. CBMAI2051 and Bacillus sp. CBMAI2052) biodegraded this pyrethroid efficiently. The assays were conducted in triplicate, and after 12 days, 90% of the pesticide was degraded producing 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (35.0 ± 3.1 mg L-1) and 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-methylbutanoic acid (34.0 ± 2.8 mg L-1). The bacterial consortium (52 ± 5% biodegradation) was more efficient in the biodegradation than the average of the same strains solely employed (40 ± 7% biodegradation), showing that the use of consortia is an interesting approach. However, the strain Bacillus cereus CBMAI2067 (67 ± 3% biodegradation) was more efficient than the bacterial consortium, showing its potential as source of carboxylesterases and proving that, in this case, the use of a unique efficient strain is more adequate.