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Biochemistry of the bacterial catabolism of aromatic compounds in anaerobic environments.

Authors
  • Evans, W C
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nature
Publication Date
Nov 03, 1977
Volume
270
Issue
5632
Pages
17–22
Identifiers
PMID: 927513
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Methods of aerobic degradation of aromatic compounds in the biosphere are well understood, but it is only relatively recently that it has been shown how some bacteria can also degrade these substrates in the absence of molecular oxygen. This occurs by photometabolism (Athiorhodaceae), nitrate respiration (Pseudomonas and Moraxella sp.) and methanogenic fermentation (a consortium) in which the benzene nucleus is first reduced and then cleaved by hydrolysis to yield aliphatic acids for cell growth. These methods may be used by microbial communities to catabolise man-made pollutants.

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