The glucosephosphate isomerase (D-glucose-6-phosphate Ketol-isomerase, EC 126.96.36.199) isozymes of Trypanosoma cruzi were characterized with respect to their native and subunit molecular size, isoelectric point and in vitro thermostability. The molecular weight data are consistent with a dimeric enzyme structure. The apparent native and subunit size homogeneity and differences in pI values imply that the electrophoretic mobility differences of isozymes in native gels are determined by their molecular charge. Minor differences in peptide maps indicate the existence of some heterogeneity in the primary structure of the isozymes. The stability of triple-banded glucosephosphate isomerase electrophoretic profiles was confirmed, supporting the view that these phenotypes represent non-interconvertible enzyme species.