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Biochemical analysis of lactoferrin receptors in the Neisseriaceae: identification of a second bacterial lactoferrin receptor protein.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Microbial pathogenesis
Publication Date
Volume
19
Issue
5
Pages
285–297
Identifiers
PMID: 8778564
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Bacterial transferrin receptors that have been described in the families Pasteurellaceae and Neisseriaceae are composed of two receptor proteins, transferrin binding proteins 1 and 2 (Tbp1 and Tbp2). In contrast, bacterial lactoferrin receptors have only been described for human pathogens in the family Neisseriaceae, and were believed to consist of a single protein, Lbp1, which is highly homologous to Tbp1. We describe a modified affinity isolation procedure that facilities isolation of a second lactoferrin receptor protein Lbp2 (a presumptive Tbp2 homologue) from Neisseria meningitidis, Moraxella catarrhalis and Moraxella bovis using immobilized lactoferrin. Antiserum specific for either the M. catarrhalis Tbp1+2 molecules, the M. catarrhalis Lbp1 molecule, or for a commercial preparation of human lactoferrin did not react on western blots with the same organisms' affinity purified Lbp2. In addition, the M. catarrhalis Lbp2 could be isolated in a functional form without contaminating Lbp1 or Tbp1+2. We also demonstrate that the bovine pathogen, M. bovis, produces functional transferrin and lactoferrin receptors specific for the bovine forms of these glycoproteins. A putative lbpB gene, recently speculated to reside immediately upstream of the N. meningitidis Lbp1 structural gene, lbpA, likely encodes the newly isolated Lbp2 protein from this bacterial species.

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