Bilharziasis or schistosomiasis is a rare parasite disease, potentially severe which can severely compromise the urinary tract. In developed countries the cases are mainly imported from sub-saharian countries and other areas of North Africa, South Africa, Asia and Middle East. The cause is a parasite, Schistosoma haematobium, from the family of trematodes, genus helmints. In the active phasee the diagnosis is facilitated by the presence of Schistosomal eggs in urine. In latent or non active phase it is necessary the performance of cystoscopy and analysis of the biological material to reach the diagnosis.