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The Big-Five personality factors, cognitive ability, health, and social-demographic indicators as independent predictors of self-efficacy: A longitudinal study.

Authors
  • Furnham, Adrian1
  • Cheng, Helen2, 3
  • 1 BI: Norwegian Business School, Oslo, Norway. , (Norway)
  • 2 Department of Psychology, University College London, London, UK.
  • 3 ESRC Centre for Learning and Life Chances in Knowledge Economies and Societies, Institute of Education, University College London, London, UK.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Publisher
Wiley (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2024
Volume
65
Issue
1
Pages
53–60
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/sjop.12953
PMID: 37525487
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study set out to examine to what extent a set of psychological, health and socio-demographic factors are associated with self-efficacy (SE) in a large sample of over 12,000 participants over a two-year period. We were interested in the correlates of self-efficacy (criterion variable) with gender, age, education and occupation, the Big-Five personality factors and cognitive ability, as well as mental and physical health (predictor variables). Regression analyses showed that four of the Big-Five personality factors (extraversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness, and openness), cognitive ability, mental and physical health, gender, education and occupation were all significant and independent predictors of self-efficacy, accounting for 23% of the variance of the outcome variable. Personality variables, particularly Neuroticism and Conscientiousness, were the most powerful predictors of SE two years later. The implications for encouraging SE in individuals are discussed. © 2023 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology published by Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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