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Big Five personality and health in adults with and without cancer.

Authors
  • Rochefort, Catherine1
  • Hoerger, Michael2
  • Turiano, Nicholas A3
  • Duberstein, Paul4
  • 1 1 Southern Methodist University, USA.
  • 2 2 Tulane University, USA.
  • 3 3 West Virginia University, USA.
  • 4 4 University of Rochester Medical Center, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of health psychology
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2019
Volume
24
Issue
11
Pages
1494–1504
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1359105317753714
PMID: 29355050
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Personality is associated with health, but examinations in patients with illnesses are lacking. We aimed to determine whether personality-physical health associations differed between community and cancer samples. This cross-sectional study involved 168 participants without cancer, 212 men with prostate cancer, and 55 women with breast cancer. We examined whether the Big Five personality dimensions were associated with health behaviors and multiple health indicators. Higher conscientiousness and lower neuroticism were associated with better health behaviors and health (rmax = .31), with few differences between community and cancer samples. Findings call for research on the implications of personality in patients with serious illnesses.

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