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Bias-corrected estimates of effects of PSA screening decisions on the risk of prostate cancer diagnosis and death: Analysis of the Finnish randomized study of screening for prostate cancer.

Authors
  • Lindberg, Antti1
  • Talala, Kirsi2
  • Kujala, Paula3
  • Stenman, Ulf-Håkan4, 5
  • Taari, Kimmo4, 5
  • Kilpeläinen, Tuomas P4, 5
  • Tammela, Teuvo L1, 6
  • Auvinen, Anssi7
  • 1 Faculty of Medicine and Biosciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 2 Finnish Cancer Registry, Helsinki, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 3 Department of Pathology, Fimlab Laboratory Services, Tampere, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 4 Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 5 Departments of Clinical Chemistry and Urology, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 6 Department of Urology, Tampere University Hospitala, Tampere, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 7 Faculty of Social Sciences/Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland. , (Finland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Journal of Cancer
Publisher
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2019
Volume
145
Issue
3
Pages
632–638
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1002/ijc.32129
PMID: 30653262
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

More information is needed about effects of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening for informed decision making. The objective of our study is to evaluate the effects of an implemented screening decision on the risk of prostate cancer (PC) diagnosis and PC death. In a randomized trial, 31,867 Finnish men aged 55-67 years were allocated to the screening arm and 48,282 to the control arm during 1996-1999. Two to three screening rounds were offered to the screening arm with a PSA cut-off of 4.0 ng/ml. A counterfactual exclusion method was used to adjust for the effects of screening noncompliance and PSA contamination on risk of PC death and PC incidence by prognostic group at 15 years of follow up. After correcting for noncompliance and contamination, PSA screening led to 32.4 (95% CI 26.4, 38.6) more PC diagnoses per 1,000 men after 15 years and 1.4 (95% CI 0.0, 2.8) fewer PC deaths compared to the control arm. The corresponding results of an intention-to-screen analysis were 16.5 (95% CI 12.3, 20.7) and 0.8 (95% CI 0.5, 2.0), respectively. These results can be used for patient counseling in informed decision making about PC screening. A limitation of the study was the lack of comprehensive data on contamination. © 2019 UICC.

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