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Damage in Centipede Sod Associated with Crane Fly and March Fly Larvae (Diptera: Tipulidae, Bibionidae) in Mississippi

Florida Entomologist
Publication Date
  • Communication


Scientific Notes 89 DAMAGE IN CENTIPEDE SOD ASSOCIATED WITH CRANE FLY AND MARCH FLY LARVAE (DIPTERA: TIPULIDAE, BIBIONIDAE) IN MISSISSIPPI D AVID W. H ELD 1 AND J ON K. G ELHAUS 2 1 Mississippi State University, Coastal Research & Extension Center 1815 Popps Ferry Road Biloxi, MS 39532 [email protected] 2 The Academy of Natural Sciences, 1900 Benjamin Franklin Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19103 [email protected] Crane flies (Diptera: Tipulidae) are distributed worldwide, ranging from fresh and marine aquatic habitats to drier terrestrial environments (Alexander & Byers 1981). Tipulidae is the larg- est family in the Diptera; however, larvae have been described for less than 10% of the named North American species (Thompson 1990). Lar- vae of a few Tipula species have been implicated in damage to crops and grasslands in North America (Hartman & Hynes 1977; Alexander & Byers 1981; Alexander 1920). Larvae of the range crane fly, T. (Triplictipula) simplex Doane, a na- tive species, consume roots causing damage to un- irrigated pastureland in the San Joaquin Valley, California (Hartman & Hynes 1977). Larvae of other native Tipula (Serratipula ) species have been implicated in pasture damage (Alexander 1967; Gelhaus 1986). Two exotic species, the com- mon and the European crane fly (T. oleracea L. and T. paludosa Meigen, respectively) are de- structive pests of cool-season turfgrass in the Pa- cific Northwest, western New York (D. Peck, Cornell University, personal communication), and maritime provinces of Canada (Jackson & Campbell 1975; Vittum et al. 1999; LaGasa & Antonelli 2000). Larvae of march flies (Diptera: Bibionidae) are herbivores and scavengers (Hardy 1981). Larvae of several species have been reported to damage agronomic crops, vegetables, and grasses (Hardy 1981; Darvas et al. 2000). In the s

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