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Beyond Sex: Likelihood and Predictors of Effective and Ineffective Intervention in Intimate Partner Violence in Bystanders Perceiving an Emergency.

Authors
  • Chabot, Heather Frasier1
  • Gray, Melissa L1
  • Makande, Tariro B1
  • Hoyt, Robert L1
  • 1 1 New England College, Henniker, NH, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of interpersonal violence
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2018
Volume
33
Issue
12
Pages
1909–1930
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/0886260515621064
PMID: 26742546
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Within the framework of the bystander model of intervention, we examined specific correlates and the likelihood of effective and ineffective intervention strategies of bystanders to an instance of intimate partner violence (IPV) identified as an emergency. We measured psychological variables associated with general prosocial behavior (including sex, instrumentality, expressiveness, empathy, personal distress, dispositional anger, and perceived barriers) as influential predictors in four IPV intervention behaviors (i.e., calling 911, talking to the victim, talking to the perpetrator, and physically interacting with the perpetrator). One hundred seventeen college community members completed preintervention measures, watched a film clip of IPV which they identified as an emergency, reported their likelihood of becoming involved and utilizing intervention behaviors, and identified perceived barriers to intervention. Participants were more likely to indicate using effective over ineffective intervention tactics. Lower perceived barriers to intervention predicted greater intervention likelihood. Hierarchical regression indicated that men and individuals higher in anger and instrumental traits were more likely to report that they would engage in riskier ineffective forms of intervention. Implications regarding bystander training and associations to intervention in related forms of violence including sexual assault are discussed.

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