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Betydelse av tidig individuell vårdplan vid demenssjukdom utifrån ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv

  • Tanasilovic, Maja
  • Landin, Ingela
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2012
DiVA - Academic Archive On-line
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Background:Palliative care involves mitigation that is to say that the effects of the disease alleviated but not cured the disease itself. The care is a total care based on health care philosophy in order to preserve quality of life when cure is no longer available. Regardless of diagnosis and where they are cared for should palliative care includes all people. Questions about dementia and palliative care has problematized both because of its complexity and partly because of lack of knowledge in the areas of both the family and among health professionals. People with dementia are a vulnerable group, their autonomy is limited and the ability to make decisions varies. Aim:The purpose of this study was to describe the nurse's experiences of setting up individual care plan (IVP) at the end of life for people with dementia. Methods: The result is based on eight interviews with registered nurses working with elderly care with dementia. They were interviewed on the basis of a semi structured interview guide. The transcribed interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Two themes related categories were identified: Expertise possibility to prepared of individual care plan and Expertise impediment to prepared of individual care plan. The ideal was that individual care plan was prepared with the dementia sufferer and their relatives. Work situation became calmer and more secure when there was a palliative individual care plan documented. Quality of life was better for the dementia sufferer and their relatives when the individual care plan was prepared. One difficulty was when there were no relatives to talk to and the dementia could not express their one wishes. This was perceived by nurses as a difficult situation, where they had to rely on their experience and intuition. Conclusions: Since a large percentage of people with dementia end ones days in nursing homes there should be a greater focus on implementation of the establishment of palliative individual care plans in this type of housing. Keywords: dementia, palliative care, nurse, individual care plan

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