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A beta-type transforming growth factor, present in conditioned cell culture medium independent of cell transformation, may derive from serum.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of cellular biochemistry
Publication Date
Volume
27
Issue
4
Pages
443–448
Identifiers
PMID: 2987278
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

An alpha-type transforming growth factor (TGF alpha) is produced at high levels by rat embryo cells transformed by the Snyder-Theilen strain of feline sarcoma virus (FeSV). Addition of 2 ng mouse epidermal growth factor (mEGF) during purification identified the presence of a second, EGF-dependent growth factor of the TGF beta type (TGF beta) in this conditioned medium. This factor had an approximate Mr of 12,000 and eluted at 37% acetonitrile during high performance liquid chromatography. This extracellular type of TGF beta activity also was present in conditioned medium of rat cells after infection with a transformation defective strain of Abelson leukemia virus, and hence expression of this growth factor activity was independent of cell transformation. Moreover, the presence of an EGF-dependent, 12,000 Mr clonogenic activity in extracts of bovine serum alone suggests serum as an origin for the B-type transforming growth factor initially observed in conditioned medium of Snyder-Theilen FeSV transformed cells. This does not, however, preclude the possibility that TGF beta is also secreted by the transformed rat embryo cells themselves.

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