An alpha-type transforming growth factor (TGF alpha) is produced at high levels by rat embryo cells transformed by the Snyder-Theilen strain of feline sarcoma virus (FeSV). Addition of 2 ng mouse epidermal growth factor (mEGF) during purification identified the presence of a second, EGF-dependent growth factor of the TGF beta type (TGF beta) in this conditioned medium. This factor had an approximate Mr of 12,000 and eluted at 37% acetonitrile during high performance liquid chromatography. This extracellular type of TGF beta activity also was present in conditioned medium of rat cells after infection with a transformation defective strain of Abelson leukemia virus, and hence expression of this growth factor activity was independent of cell transformation. Moreover, the presence of an EGF-dependent, 12,000 Mr clonogenic activity in extracts of bovine serum alone suggests serum as an origin for the B-type transforming growth factor initially observed in conditioned medium of Snyder-Theilen FeSV transformed cells. This does not, however, preclude the possibility that TGF beta is also secreted by the transformed rat embryo cells themselves.