A beta-D-glycosidase activity was purified from mycelium of Humicola grisea var. thermoidea grown on avicel as the main carbon source. The purified enzyme was a glycoprotein and migrated as a single polypeptide band on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under native or denaturing conditions. The apparent molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be 55 kDa by gel filtration and SDS-PAGE. The enzyme was active against o-nitrophenyl beta-D-galactoside; p-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucoside, p-nitrophenyl beta-D-fucoside, lactose and cellobiose, PNP fucoside (synthetic substrate) and cellobiose (natural substrate) being the best utilized. A comparison of the properties of beta-D-galactosidase, beta-D-glucosidase and beta-D-fucosidase showed that three activities exhibited similar pH and temperature optima and the same thermostability. The hydrolysis rate of substrate mixtures suggests that the enzyme possesses a common catalytic site for all the substrates assayed.