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Benefits and adverse effects of cannabis use among adults with persistent pain.

Authors
  • Bigand, Teresa1
  • Anderson, Cristina Lee2
  • Roberts, Mary Lee2
  • Shaw, Michele Rose2
  • Wilson, Marian2
  • 1 College of Nursing, Washington State University, Spokane, WA. Electronic address: [email protected]
  • 2 College of Nursing, Washington State University, Spokane, WA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nursing outlook
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Volume
67
Issue
3
Pages
223–231
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.outlook.2018.12.014
PMID: 30616866
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Increasingly, states are legalizing cannabis for recreational use. Improved accessibility may allow adults with pain to use cannabis more liberally. Greater understanding is needed about how adults with pain perceive the effects of cannabis, particularly those who also use opioid analgesics. To examine the perceived effects of cannabis among adults who have been prescribed opioids for persistent pain. A survey-based study was conducted on 150 adults with persistent pain. Data from two open-ended questions were analyzed using a qualitative descriptive approach and content analysis. Data analysis led to identification of two main categories and five subcategories: (a) cannabis benefits with two subcategories of "physiological" and "mental health"; (b) adverse effects with three subcategories of "physiological," "mental health," and "social and economic concerns." Both positive and negative effects of cannabis were described. Nursing practice, including open communication with patients, can be guided by patient perspectives surrounding benefits and adverse effects of cannabis use. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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