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Beneficial effect of pretreatment of islets with fibronectin on glucose tolerance after islet transplantation.

Authors
  • Hamamoto, Y
  • Fujimoto, S
  • Inada, A
  • Takehiro, M
  • Nabe, K
  • Shimono, D
  • Kajikawa, M
  • Fujita, J
  • Yamada, Y
  • Seino, Y
Type
Published Article
Journal
Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et métabolisme
Publication Date
Aug 01, 2003
Volume
35
Issue
8
Pages
460–465
Identifiers
PMID: 12953162
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The scarcity of available islets is an obstacle for clinically successful islet transplantation. One solution might be to increase the efficacy of the limited islets. Isolated islets are exposed to a variety of cellular stressors, and disruption of the cell-matrix connections damages islets. We examined the effect of fibronectin, a major component of the extracellular matrix, on islet viability, mass and function, and also examined whether fibronectin-treated islets improved the results of islet transplantation. Islets cultured with fibronectin for 48 hours maintained higher cell viability (0.146 +/- 0.010 vs. 0.173 +/- 0.007 by MTT assay), and also had a greater insulin and DNA content (86.8 +/- 3.6 vs. 72.8 +/- 3.2 ng/islet and 35.2 +/- 1.4 vs. 30.0 +/- 1.5 ng/islet, respectively) than islets cultured without fibronectin (control). Absolute values of insulin secretion were higher in fibronectin-treated islets than in controls; however, the ratio of stimulated insulin secretion to basal secretion was not significantly different (206.9 +/- 23.3 vs. 191.7 +/- 20.2% when the insulin response to 16.7 mmol/l glucose was compared to that of 3.3 mmol/l glucose); the higher insulin secretion was thus mainly due to larger islet cell mass. The rats transplanted with fibronectin-treated islets had lower plasma glucose and higher plasma insulin levels within 2 weeks after transplantation, and had more favorable glucose tolerance 9 weeks after transplantation. These results indicate that cultivation with fibronectin might preserve islet cell viability, mass and insulin secretory function, which could improve glucose tolerance following islet transplantation.

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