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Behavioral Weight Loss: A Promising Treatment for Obesity in Adults with HIV.

Authors
  • Panza, Emily1, 2
  • Wing, Edward J3, 4
  • Wing, Rena5, 6
  • 1 Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, USA. [email protected]
  • 2 Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA. [email protected]
  • 3 Department of Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.
  • 4 The Miriam Hospital Immunology Center, Providence, RI, USA.
  • 5 Weight Control and Diabetes Research Center, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, USA.
  • 6 Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
AIDS and Behavior
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2020
Volume
24
Issue
4
Pages
1085–1091
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10461-019-02645-y
PMID: 31456199
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Obesity and chronic disease are growing problems among people living with HIV (PLWH) across the globe. While a variety of treatments have been developed to address cardiovascular and metabolic disease among PLWH, few treatments have focused on helping PLWH and obesity lose weight. In the general population, behavioral weight loss interventions (i.e., diet, physical activity, and behavior therapy) are the first-line treatment for adults for whom weight loss is recommended. However, little research has tested whether the benefits of these programs translate to PLWH. This paper highlights the key components of behavioral weight loss programs, their outcomes in the general population and in the few studies of PLWH, and suggestions for tailoring these programs for PLWH. Behavioral weight loss programs are a strong potential treatment for reducing the burden of obesity among PLWH and merit future research attention.

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