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Direct electrochemical regeneration of the cofactor NADH on bare Ti, Ni, Co and Cd electrodes: The influence of electrode potential and electrode material

Authors
Journal
Journal of Molecular Catalysis A Chemical
1381-1169
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
387
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.molcata.2014.02.029
Keywords
  • Electrochemical 1
  • 4-Nadh Regeneration
  • Non-Modified Metal Electrodes
  • Electrode Potential
  • Metal–Hydrogen Bond Strength
  • Hydrogen Surface Coverage
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract The regeneration of enzymatically-active reduced form of enzymatic cofactor nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (1,4-NADH) from the oxidized form (NAD+) in a batch electrochemical reactor employing bare (non-modified) metal electrodes was investigated as a function of electrode potential and electrode material (Ti, Ni, Co and Cd). It was found that the regeneration of 1,4-NADH employing the electrodes is feasible; all the electrodes were capable of producing more than an 80% enzymatically-active product (1,4-NADH), reaching a 96% product purity on Ti. The product purity was found to be highly potential-, and material dependant. The origin of the material/potential dependency was related to the strength of the metal–hydrogen (MHads) bond, and thus to the potential dependence of the Hads electrode surface coverage. In contradiction to literature, bare (non-modified) metal electrodes were found to be good candidates for electrochemical regeneration of enzymatically-active 1,4-NADH, when the regeneration is performed at a specific overpotential.

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