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Bee Venom Acupuncture Effects on Pain and Its Mechanisms: An Updated Review

Authors
  • sung, soo-hyun
  • lee, gihyun
Publication Date
Aug 29, 2021
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/toxins13090608
OAI: oai:mdpi.com:/2072-6651/13/9/608/
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Bee venom (BV) is a complex natural toxin that contains various pharmaceutical compounds. Bee venom acupuncture (BVA), involving a BV injection into a certain acupuncture point, has been utilized to relieve a range of pain conditions. Regardless of whether pain is caused by disease or injury, if not effectively treated, pain can exert a detrimental effect on all aspects of life. In the past decade, many researchers have investigated the anti-nociceptive effects of BVA through clinical use and experimental evaluation. This report reviews the existing knowledge on the analgesic effects of BVA, focusing on musculoskeletal pain, inflammatory pain and neuropathic pain, and its analgesic mechanisms. Although further clinical trials are needed to clinical application of experimental results, this review will contribute to the standardization and generalization of BVA.

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