Affordable Access

El horror de lo incierto: intervenci?n psicol?gica en v?ctimas del secuetro; The horror of uncertainty: psychological intervention with victims of kidnapping

Publisher
Psicolog?a desde el Caribe
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Secuestro
  • V?Ctima
  • Intervenci?N Psicol?Gica
  • Amenaza
  • Estr?S Postraum?Tico
  • Muerte
  • Kidnapping
  • Victim
  • Psychological Intervention
  • Threat
  • Post- Traumatic Stress
  • Death
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Medicine
  • Psychology

Abstract

Este art?culo hace referencia a las inplicaciones psicol?gicas y a los efectos colaterales generados por la experiencia del secuestro en la v?ctima y sus familiares y presenta alternativas de intervenci?n psicol?gica con los secuestrados y sus familias.En la primera parte, titulada ?la amenaza del secuestro?, se analizan todos los elementos cognitivos que se desencadenan y las emociones que se activan, lo cual genera disfuncionalidad y cambios dr?sticos en el estilo de vida.En la segunda parte se habla del ?cumplimiento de la amenaza?, y se describen los cinco momentos relevantes de esta crisis: captura, cautiverio, liberaci?n, reencuentro familiar y superaci?n del trauma. Se destaca el papel del acompa?amiento psicol?gico en las distintas etapas.Se analiza la situaci?n desde lo que en psicopatolog?a se denomina ?estr?s postraum?tico?, con sus respectivos s?ntomas y las necesarias restituciones a todo nivel, las cuales constituyen, en suma, el objetivo central del acompa?a- miento psicol?gico.Palabras claves: Secuestro, v?ctima, intervenci?n psicol?gica, amenaza, estr?s postraum?tico, muerteThis article deals with psychological implications and side effects generated by the kidnapping experience on the victims and his relatives, and it also presents psychological intervention alternatives with the kidnapped and their family.The event of kidnapping is divided into two stages: the first stage, ?the kidnapping threat?, is analyzed through all the derived cognitive elements and the activated emotions which generate dysfunctions and drastic life style changes. The second stage, ?fulfilling the threat?, deals with the five relevant moments in this crisis: holding up, captivity, liberation, family reunion, and overcoming the trauma. The psychological assistance is enhanced in the different moments.This situation is analyzed from the psychopathology point of view. It is called post-traumatic stress, and it includes the corresponding symptoms and the necessary restitutions at all levels which are the main objective of the psychological backup.Key words: Kidnapping, victim, psychological intervention, threat, post- traumatic stress, death.Contacto: [email protected]

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.