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Dopaminergic neurons expressing Fos during waking and paradoxical sleep in the rat

Authors
Journal
Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
0891-0618
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
39
Issue
4
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jchemneu.2010.03.001
Keywords
  • Dopamine
  • Ventral Midbrain
  • Hypothalamus
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Double-Labeling
  • Novel Environment
Disciplines
  • Chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Formerly believed to contribute to behavioural waking (W) alone, dopaminergic (DA) neurons are now also known to participate in the regulation of paradoxical sleep (PS or REM) in mammals. Indeed, stimulation of postsynaptic DA1 receptors with agonists induces a reduction in the daily amount of PS. DA neurons in the ventral tegmental area were recently shown to fire in bursts during PS, but nothing is known about the activity of the other DA cell groups in relation to waking or PS. To fulfil this gap, we used a protocol in which rats were maintained in continuous W for 3 h in a novel environment, or specifically deprived of PS for 3 days with some of them allowed to recover from this deprivation. A double immunohistochemical labeling with Fos and tyrosine hydroxylase was then performed. DA neurons in the substantia nigra (A9) and ventral tegmental area (A10), and its dorsocaudal extension in the periaqueductal gray (A10dc), almost never showed a Fos-immunoreactive nucleus, regardless of the experimental condition. The caudal hypothalamic (A11) group showed a moderate activation after PS deprivation and novel environment. During PS-recovery, the zona incerta (A13) group contained a significant number and percentage of double-labeled neurons. These results suggest that some DA neurons (A11) could participate in waking and/or the inhibition of PS during PS deprivation whereas others (A13) would be involved in the control of PS.

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