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Rectal carriage of Chlamydia trachomatis in women.

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CDC Factsheet: Reported STDs in the United States 2012 National Data for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC FACT Reported STDs in the United States SHEET 2012 National Data for Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and Syphilis This fact sheet summarizes 2012 data on chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis published in CDC’s annual report, Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, 2012 (available at The data are based on state and local STD case reports from a variety of private and public sources which indicate that the majority of cases are reported in non- STD clinic settings, such as private physician offices and health maintenance organizations. Many cases of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis continue to go undiagnosed and unreported, and data on several additional STDs — such as human papillomavirus, herpes simplex virus, and trichomoniasis — are not routinely reported to CDC. As a result, the annual surveillance report captures only a fraction of the true burden of STDs in America. However, it provides important insights into the scope and trends in STD diagnoses in the country. STDs Inflict Significant Human and Economic Costs STDs are a significant health challenge facing the United States. CDC estimates that nearly 20 million new sexually transmitted infections occur every year in this country, half among young people ages 15–24. Each of these infections is a potential threat to an individual’s immediate and long-term health and well-being. In addition to increasing a person’s risk for HIV infection, STDs can lead to severe reproductive health complications, such as infertility and ectopic pregnancy. STDs are also a serious drain on the U.S. health care system, costing the nation almost $16 billion in health care costs every year. Snapshot: STDs in the United States, 2012 Chlamydia n Cases reported i

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