رنگبری زیستی از شش رنگ آزوی راکتیو و دیرکت توسط مخمر Issatchenkia Orientalis JKS6

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رنگبری زیستی از شش رنگ آزوی راکتیو و دیرکت توسط مخمر Issatchenkia Orientalis JKS6

Authors
Keywords
  • Qw میکروب شناسی و ایمنی شناسی
  • Wa 30 بهداشت محيط
  • Wa 400 بهداشت حرفه ای

Abstract

Decolorization of Six Reactive and Direct Azo Dyes by the Yeast Isolate: Issatchenkia Orientalis JKS6 455 Decolorization of Six Reactive and Direct Azo Dyes by the Yeast Isolate: Issatchenkia Orientalis JKS6 Narjes Jafari*; Rouha Kasra-kermanshahi; Mohammad Reaza Soudi Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran [email protected] Backgrund & ojectives: Azo dyes are the most commonly used dyes in textile industries. They are considered as xenobiotic compounds. It is estimated that 10-15% of the total production of colorants is lost during synthesis and dyeing processes. The disposal of colored wastes into waters causes environmental damages. In present study an ascomycetous yeast strain, Issatchenkia orientalis JKS6, was isolated from activated sludge. Meathod: 100 ml of culture medium (contained 200 mg Reactive Black 5 l-1) in 250-ml flasks was inoculated with 5% (v/v) of the yeast suspensions in distilled water plus 0.85% (w/v) NaCl and incubated at 150 rpm and 32°C. At regular time intervals, 2 ml of the culture media was withdrawn from the flasks and centrifuged at 12000 rpm for 10 min and the supernatant was analyzed for remaining dye content. The decolorization was determined by measuring the absorbance of culture supernatant at λmax (597 nm). Culture supernatants were subjected to spectral scanning (200-800 nm) using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer in order to analyze dye degradation. The ability of isolated yeast in the decolorization of five other azo dyes, Reactive Orange 16, Reactive Red 198, Direct Blue 71, Direct Yellow 12 and Direct Black 22, was examined. Results: The yeast isolate could efficiently decolorize (94.85%) RB5 within 12 h. Extensive decolorization (95-99%) was obtained in presence of other azo dyes. A latent period (12 h) was observed in the decolorization of DB22. It is may be due to complex structure of this triazo dye. UV-Vis spe

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