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Glycan localization within the human interphotoreceptor matrix and photoreceptor inner and outer segments.

Authors
Journal
Glycobiology
0959-6658
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged
  • 80 And Over
  • Metabolism: Biotin
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Chemistry: Extracellular Matrix
  • Galanthus
  • Histocytochemistry
  • Humans
  • Metabolism: Lectins
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Metabolism: Oligosaccharides
  • Chemistry: Photoreceptors
  • Plant Lectins
  • Classification: Polysaccharides
  • Research Support
  • Non-U.S. Gov'T
  • Chemistry: Retina
  • Chemistry: Rod Outer Segments
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Medicine

Abstract

Glycoconjugates are likely to be of fundamental importance in the complex interactions between photoreceptors and the retinal pigment epithelium, but few have been characterized, especially in human tissue. As a preliminary step towards determining their biological functions in health and disease, a lectin-based histochemical study of the glycan expression of human outer retina was performed on glutaraldehyde-fixed, semi-thin, resin-embedded sections. The interphotoreceptor matrix and photoreceptor plasma-lemmata expressed complex bisected and non-bisected biantennary and/or triantennary N-glycans. In addition, both the rod and cone outer segments bound strongly Galanthus nivalis agglutinin (which binds terminal Man alpha 1, 3Man-) and the rod outer segments bound selectively the isolectin II of Bandeiraea simplicifolia (which binds terminal GlcNAc-). The cilia of the rods and cones were labelled selectively with Glycine max agglutinin after sialidase pretreatment. Four putative glycan outer sequences were identified within the interphotoreceptor matrix: (i) sialylated glycans with subterminal GalNAc alpha 1,3GalNAc-sequences; (ii) a sialylated type with subterminal N-acetyl-lactosamine residues; (iii) Gal beta 1,3GalNAc alpha 1- residues which were substituted with sialic acid except in the cone matrix sheath; (iv) GalNAc alpha 1,6Gal beta 1- residues which were substituted in part with sialic acid. The sialic acid expression throughout was predominantly of the 2,3-linked form with lesser amounts of 2,6-linkage, and rod-associated structures (including the surrounding interphotoreceptor matrix) were labelled more strongly with the sialic acid-binding lectins than cone-associated structures (including the cone matrix sheath).

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