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Enhanced electrochemical performance of flower-like Co3O4 as an anode material for high performance lithium-ion batteries

Electrochimica Acta
DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.09.026
  • Cobalt Oxide
  • Flower-Like
  • Nanorods
  • Specific Capacity
  • Chemical Co-Precipitation
  • Chemistry


ABSTRACT A facile urea-assisted template-free, surfactant-less chemical co-precipitation method was used to obtain a flower-like cobalt oxide sample followed by annealing at various temperatures of 400, 500, and 600°C for 2h. The obtained flower-like morphology was assembled by nanorods, and the nanorods were comprised of interconnected particles with a porous structure. The changes in the surface area of the obtained flower-like Co3O4 samples were systematically examined at various temperatures and their impact on the electrochemical performances was observed. Electrochemical investigation showed that the flower-like Co3O4 samples obtained at 500°C, showed excellent cycling stability (1536.9mAhg−1 at 0.1C up to 50 cycles and 1226.9mA h g−1 at 0.5C up to 350 cycles) and superior rate capability (845mAhg−1 at 10C). It is believed that the porous nature of the unique structure facilitates the penetration of the electrolyte at the electrode/electrolyte interface and provides a large space for strain buffering, which ultimately allows the present sample to achieve high rate performances.

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